What kinds of jobs are needed in an organization? How has specialization of labor, or division of labor, been implemented in an organization in which you have worked (or researched)? How are departments organized? Do you perceive these groupings to be effective? Why or why not?
Guided Response: Respond to two of your classmates’ posts. Analyze their discussions by agreeing, disagreeing, or adding other ideas to strengthen or enhance the perspective presented in their initial posts.
Replys to Marvis:
The discussion for this week is in regards to job design. In order to begin to tackle this, one must understand the term which is defined as is a central purpose of any HR department which is connected to positions or jobs to complete the outlined task. Job design is articulated or constructed to make the position more satisfactory for the employee. Jobs in organization are based on the needs of that particular company in order for it to run effectively. Our particular department in organization has implement division of labor into processors and trouble shooters. My current position as Coordinator was to act as a bridge and point of contact for out external clients and internal processing to ensure goals were met. Most companies have already strategically outlined what resources they will need but this can change over time as with our company, we added product lines which called for more jobs. It took strategizing to determine the number of people that would be able to successfully carry out the functions of this new department successfully. Departments are organized according to need. Most departments have a hierarchical structure with managers, supervisors, team leads and laborers. This is to ensure that all functions of the department are met. As mentioned in the discussion in week one, everyone has assigned task in order for processes to go smoothly. These groupings are always effective in my opinion because of different skill sets which allow for different talents to be utilized in departments. All people are not effective leaders and some leaders are not really down in the weeds, applicable workers or able to perform effectively.
Reply to Edward:
Individual jobs are needed within an organization and they can consist of individual and group jobs. A job description for a customer service assistant includes multitasking duties such as delivering and receiving messages from customers, employees and guests face to face and through technology. Not to mention that secretaries that also are responsible for optimizing workloads and arranging conferences. Labor workers are responsible for getting production done and management is responsible for making sure work gets done accurately. Human resources and payroll are also needed within a company and their roles are to hire the best fit applicants and to keep of track of workers hours and deductions.
The division of labor breaks up jobs in different departments by alternating tasks for workers every so often. “Job rotation, involves moving workers to various jobs on a consistent, scheduled basis. For instance, a warehouse worker may run a forklift for 3 months, check inventory the next 3 months, and load trucks for 6 months” (Bierman, Ferrell, O. C., & Ferrell, L., 2016, p 8.2). The specialization of labor benefits a company by establishing products or services for an organization and then breaking the job up into different tasks and departments so that it can get done effectively and efficiently which enables colleagues to expand their capabilities. “Work becomes more efficient, and costs are reduced. Employees quickly learn how to perform tasks, thereby reducing training costs” (Bierman, Ferrell, O. C., & Ferrell, L., 2016, p 8.2). These groupings are effective because employees can move up in job rank and earn more money which allows companies to have a high employee retention.
Bierman, L., Ferrell, O. C., & Ferrell, L. (2016). Management: Principles and applications, custom edition. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/books/Bierman.1318.16.1/sections/sec1.1 (Links to an external site.)