- Review the
*Statistics and Data Analysis for Nursing Research*chapters that you read as a part of the Week 7 Learning Resources. As you do so, pay close attention to the examples presented—they provide information that will be useful for you to recall when completing the software exercises. You may also wish to review the*Research Methods for Evidence-Based Practice*video resources. - Refer to the Week 7 Linear Regression Exercises page and follow the directions to calculate linear regression information using the Polit2SetA.sav data set.
- Compare your data output against the tables presented on the Week 7 Linear Regression Exercises SPSS Output document.
- Formulate an initial interpretation of the meaning or implication of your calculations.

**To complete:**

- Complete the “Simple Regression” and “Multiple Regression” steps and Assignments as outlined in the Week 7 Linear Regression Exercises page.

__Week 7 Linear Regression Exercises__

__Simple Regression__

Research Question: Does the number of hours worked per week (*workweek*) predict family income (*income*)?

Using Polit2SetA data set, run a simple regression using Family Income (*income*) as the outcome variable (Y) and Number of Hours Worked per Week (*workweek*) as the independent variable (X). When conducting any regression analysis, the dependent (outcome) variables is always (Y) and is placed on the y-axis, and the independent (predictor) variable is always (X) and is placed on the x-axis. Please submit the questions and answers only, no SPSS output. You do not need a APA title or reference page. make sure to save your document with the correct title as directed in the submission area.

Follow these steps when using SPSS:

- Open Polit2SetA data set.
- Click on
**Analyze**, then click on**Regression**, then**Linear**. - Move the dependent variable (
*income*) in the box labeled “Dependent” by clicking the arrow button. The dependent variable is a continuous variable. - Move the independent variable (
*workweek*) into the box labeled “Independent.” - Click on the
**Statistics**button (right side of box) and click on**Descriptives**,**Estimates**,**Confidence Interval**(should be 95%), and**Model Fit**, then click on**Continue**. - Click on
**OK**. - Check your SPSS ouptupt.

** Assignment:** Through analysis of the SPSS output, answer the following questions. Make sure to place the number of the question next to your answer.

- What is the total sample size?
- What is the mean income and mean number of hours worked?
- What is the correlation coefficient between the outcome and predictor variables? Is it significant? How would you describe the strength and direction of the relationship?
- What it the value of R squared (coefficient of determination)? Interpret the value.
- Interpret the standard error of the estimate? What information does this value provide to the researcher?
- The model fit is determined by the ANOVA table results (
*F*statistic = 37.226, 1,376 degrees of freedom, and the*p*value is .001). Based on these results, does the model fit the data? Briefly explain. (Hint: A significant finding indicates good model fit.) - Based on the coefficients, what is the value of the y-intercept (point at which the line of best fit crosses the y-axis)?
- Based on the output, write out the regression equation for predicting family income.
- Using the regression equation, what is the predicted monthly family income for women working 35 hours per week?
- Using the regression equation, what is the predicted monthly family income for women working 20 hours per week?

__Multiple Regression__

** Assignment:** In this assignment we are trying to predict CES-D score (depression) in women. The research question is: How well do age, educational attainment, employment, abuse, and poor health predict depression?

Using Polit2SetC data set, run a multiple regression using CES-D Score (*cesd*) as the outcome variable (Y) and respondent’s age (*age*), educational attainment (*educatn*), currently employed (*worknow*), number, types of abuse (*nabuse*), and poor health (*poorhlth*) as the independent variables (X). When conducting any regression analysis, the dependent (outcome) variables is always (Y) and is placed on the y-axis, and the independent (predictor) variable is always (X) and is placed on the x-axis.

Follow these steps when using SPSS:

- Open Polit2SetC data set.
- Click on
**Analyze,**then click on**Regression**, then**Linear**. - Move the dependent variable, CES-D Score (
*cesd*) into the box labeled “Dependent” by clicking on the arrow button. The dependent variable is a continuous variable. - Move the independent variables (
*age*,*educatn*,*worknow*, and*poorhlth*) into the box labeled “Independent.” This is the first block of variables to be entered into the analysis (block 1 of 1). Click on the bottom (top right of independent box), marked “Next”; this will give you another box to enter the next block of indepdent variables (block 2 of 2). Here you are to enter (*nabuse*).**Note:**Be sure the Method box states “Enter”. - Click on the
**Statistics**button (right side of box) and click on**Descriptives**,**Estimates**,**Confidence Interval**(should be 95%),**R square change**, and**Model Fit**, and then click on**Continue**. - Click on
**OK**. - Check your SPSS output.

** Assignment:** (When answering all questions, use the data on the coefficients panel from Model 2).

- Analyze the data from the SPSS output and write a paragraph summarizing the findings. (Use the example in the SPSS output file as a guide for your write-up.)
- Which of the predictors were significant predictors in the model?
- Which of the predictors was the most relevant predictor in the model?
- Interpret the unstandardized coefficents for educational attainment and poor health.
- If you wanted to predict a woman’s current CES-D score based on the analysis, what would the unstandardized regression equation be? Include unstandardized coefficients in the equation.

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